Academic Year 2022/2023 - Teacher: GIULIANA AMORE

Expected Learning Outcomes

1. Knowledge and understanding. The course aims to provide the keys to a good knowledge and understanding, as well as the sources of law and its interpretation criteria, the fundamental institutions of private law most closely related to the economic process in terms of the discipline of the subject (person physical and legal entities), goods and traffic rights, bonds and credit of the contract in general and negotiation models most common and most significant, civil liability, all in a systematic perspective bottom particularly attentive to the frequent regulatory changes also source community, as well as legal and doctrinal orientation and the effect of the practice in the evolution of the socio-economic individual institutions.

2. Applying knowledge and understanding. The course aims to enable the student to reconstruct and interpret the typological variety of situations and legal interests in the privatized plan, identifying the discipline and the implications and applying in practice the knowledge and skills acquired during the course of lessons and developed with a careful study of the matter.

3. Making judgments. The teaching tends to let the student's ability to grasp and elaborate the reasons at the basis of the choices of the legislature, grasping the real interests underlying the various institutions and prompt its related forms of protection. In particular, the student will be placed in a position to judge whether and to what extent such protection does appear to be adequate to the pursuit and the actual implementation of the objectives of legislative policy that underlie it, also in view of the inevitable repercussions on the socio- economic and the need to draw legally balanced solutions that reconcile individual interest and general interest; and also to distinguish between positive and negative aspects, advantages and disadvantages associated with regulation and the possible options between alternative forms of protection ready by the legislature, particularly with regard to the distribution and circulation of wealth and credit.

4. Communication skills. The course must put the student in a position to transfer and apply the knowledge gained outside, using an exposure mode logical argument conforms to the main principles of matter and also suits a technically appropriate legal language. In particular, he must be able to provide opinions, advice and assistance on issues object of study: the consultation, interpretation and enforcement giusprivatistica in general bonds, the method of entering into contracts (principal with respect to the more frequent and relevant practices in socio-economic), the problems of product liability and so on.

5. Learning skills. Exceeding the matter must be based on a rigorous assessment in the examination of the achievement by the student of a level of preparation and competence that allows him to approach the study of the other teachings of the giusprivatistica and not, as well as those also not legal, but which may present significant implications with them.

Course Structure

Frontal lessons.

Detailed Course Content



Subjective legal situations and legal relationship. Made, act, store, contract. Prescription or limitation. Publicity of legal facts and transcription. Judicial protection of rights and proof of legal facts. The subjects of the legal relationship: physical person, legal person and bodies of fact, non-profit social organizations. And legal capacity to act, administration support, natural ability, legitimacy. Personality rights. The object of legal relationship: right in the legal sense, their classifications and new types of goods. Property law, claims to money and personal rights of enjoyment.  Pledge, mortgage and privileges. The property: content, function, limits and ways of purchasing the property, measures to protect property. Communion, condominium and timeshare. Possession and detention, possessory actions, adverse possession.


1. TORRENTE A.-SCHLESINGER P., Manuale di diritto privato, 25th ed., Giuffrè, 2021: chaps. VI; VII (§§ from 41 to 60 and from 69 to 78); from VIII to X; XII (§§ from 122 to 128); XIII (§§ from 131 to 133 and from 137 to 143); XIV (§ 144); XV; XVI; XXII; XXIII; LXXXI.

2. PARADISO M., Manuale di diritto privato. Rapporti patrimoniali, Giappichelli, 2021: chaps. from 5 to 9; 11; from 13 to 15; 16 (§ 1); from 17 to 19; from 43 to 45.



Sources of Obligations. Right to credit, bond, ratio requirements and mandatory character of the provision. Civil obligation and natural (play and bet). Monetary obligations and interests. Multiple liability, divisible and indivisible, alternative and optional. Strict performance, diligence and good faith. Ways of extinguishing different from performance. Circulation credit and subjective changes active and passive relationship mandatory assignment of credit and assignment of claims units (factoring), subrogation, delegation, expromission, assumption. Responsibility for non-performance and protection "outside" of the credit default of the debtor and the creditor. Credit guarantees and financial liability of the debtor: surety insurance guarantee, means conservation of the collateral (subrogation, revocation, seizure, lien), enforcement generic and in a specific form. The source of non-contractual obligations: the offense, the unilateral promises and debt instruments, the obligations under the law (management business, unfair, unjust enrichment).


1.TORRENTE A.-SCHLESINGER P., Manuale di diritto privato, 25th ed., Giuffrè, 2021: chaps. from XVII to XXI; XXIV; XLVII (§ 417); XLVIII (§§ from 418 to 420); LI (§§ from 426 to 431; 433-434); LIV-LV.


2. PARADISO M., Manuale di diritto privato. Rapporti patrimoniali, Giappichelli, 2021: chaps. from  20 to 29;  from 40 to 42; 51 (§§ 2,3,4); 52 (§ 7).



Contract and collective bargaining; contract, shop and unilateral acts. Contract requirements: a) agreement: proposal, acceptance and conclusion of the contract; consensual contracts and real; offer to the public; abnormal forms of conclusion of the contract, membership contracts and "consumer contracts"; pre-contractual liability; b) because: cause and reasons, presupposition, causal abstraction; c) object; d) form. Ancillary provisions: condition, term, so; penalty clause and deposit. Obligations of contracting: contract imposed preliminary option, pre-emptive and conventional legal. Interpretation of the contract. Effects of the contract: contracts to effect real and binding effects; effects between the parties and with respect to third parties; conflicts of ownership between buyers more of the same law; integration and execution of the contract. Other events of the contract: legal representation and voluntary and contract concluded by the representative, proxy and mandate contract for the nominee, the contract in favor of third parties, assignment of the contract, simulation, trust deed. Validity and invalidity of the contract: nullity and annulment, the consequences of disability between the parties and with respect to third parties. Withdrawal, rescission and termination of the contract. Individual contracts (besides those already mentioned in other parts of the program): sale, rent, lease, mandate, loan, mortgage, donation, franchising, subcontracting.


1.TORRENTE A.-SCHLESINGER P., Manuale di diritto privato, 25th ed., Giuffrè, 2021: chaps. from XXV to XXXVIII; XXXIX (§§ from 358 to 363; 364); XL-XLI; XLIII (§§ from 384 to 386; 388); XLIV (§§ 390; 394); XLV (§§ 400 e 401); LXXX.


2. PARADISO M., Manuale di diritto privato. Rapporti patrimoniali, Giappichelli, 2021: chaps. from  30 to 39;  46;  47 (§§ from 1 to 10); 48; 50 (§ 1); 51(§ 1); 54.

Textbook Information

1.TORRENTE A.-SCHLESINGER P., Manuale di diritto privato, 25th ed., Giuffrè, 2021 (only chapters and §§ listed in the program of each part)


2. PARADISO M., Manuale di diritto privato. Rapporti patrimoniali, Giappichelli, 2021 (only chapters and §§ listed in the program of each part).

Course Planning

 SubjectsText References
1 Rapporto giuridico e situazioni giuridiche soggettive attive e passive. Aspettativa condizionale.Testo 1: capp. VI e XXXV; Testo 2: cap. 5
2Circolazione dei diritti, acquisto a titolo originario e derivativo. Pubblicità e trascrizione.Testo 1: cap. LXXXI; Testo 2: capp. 5 e 43
3 Il soggetto persona fisica: capacità, legittimazione e titolarità. Enti giuridici con e senza personalità giuridica e relative classificazioni. Testo 1: cap. VII; Testo 2: capp. 6 e 7
4 Nozione di patrimonio, autonomia patrimoniale perfetta ed imperfetta. Il c.d. patrimonio separato. L’oggetto del rapporto giuridico: i beni. Testo 1: capp. VII e VIII; Testo 2: capp. 14 e 22
5Prescrizione e decadenza. Proprietà: limiti e obblighiTesto 1: capp. X e XIII; Testo 2: capp. 45 e 15
6 Divieto di atti emulativi e abuso del diritto, immissioni e tutela della salute. La c.d. espropriazione anomala o sostanziale.Testo 1: cap. XIII; Testo 2: cap.15
7 Acquisto a titolo derivativo e a titolo originario della proprietà. In particolare: accessione, possesso vale titolo e usucapione. Azioni petitorie e azioni possessorie.Testo 1: capp. XIII e XV; Testo 2: cap. 15
8 Possesso e detenzione. Tutela.Testo 1: cap. XV: Testo 2: cap. 18
9 I diritti reali di godimento su cosa altrui: caratteri generaliTesto 1: capp. XIII e XV: Testo 2: cap. 16
10Conflitti di titolarità e relativi criteri di soluzione. Fonti delle obbligazioni, requisiti del rapporto obbligatorio e della prestazione e relativa tipologia.Testo 1: capp. XXXIV e XVII; Testo 2: capp. 18, 43, 21 e 22.
11 Obbligazioni solidali e parziarie. Obbligazioni indivisibili e collettive.Testo 1: cap. XVIII; Testo 2: cap. 22.
12Obbligazioni alternative e facoltative. Datio in solutum e novazione.Testo 1: capp. XVIII e XX; Testo 2: capp. 22 e 26.
13Obbligazione civile e obbligazione naturale; esecuzione forzata generica e in forma specifica.Testo 1: cap. XVII; Testo 2: capp. 22, 28 e 29.
14Garanzie reali e garanzie personali.Testo 1: capp. XXIII e XLVIII; Testo 2: capp. 29 e 51.
15Modifiche soggettive attive del rapporto obbligatorio: cessione del credito e factoring. Modificazioni soggettive passive del rapporto obbligatorio: delegazione di pagamento e di debito.Testo 1: cap. XIX; Testo 2: cap. 27.
16Espromissione e accollo interno ed esterno. Adempimento del debitore, “per mezzo del terzo” e “del terzo”, surrogazione di pagamento.Testo 1: capp. XIX e XX; Testo 2: capp. 27, 24.
17Mora debendi e mora credendi. Impossibilità sopravvenuta della prestazione e responsabilità per inadempimento del debitore. Mezzi di conservazione della garanzia generica patrimoniale.Testo 1: capp. XXI, XX e XXIV; Testo 2: capp. 24, 25 e 28.
18 Le obbligazioni non contrattuali: promesse unilaterali e obbligazioni ex lege (gestione d’affari, indebito e arricchimento senza causa). Fatto, atto, negozio, contratto.Testo 1: capp. LI e LIV; Testo 2: capp. 9 e 42.
19Trattative e responsabilità precontrattuale. Preliminare e definitivo, opzione, prelazione.Testo 1: capp. XXVI e XXX; Testo 2: cap. 31.
20Conclusione del contratto.Testo 1: cap. XXVI; Testo 2: cap. 32.
21Causa astratta e causa concreta, mancanza e illiceità della causa, negozio in frode alla legge e illiceità del motivo. Causa, motivi e presupposizione. Expressio causae e astrazione causale.Testo 1: cap. XXXII; Testo 2: cap. 33.
22 Invalidità (nullità e annullabilità), inefficacia vizio e inefficacia non vizio o in senso stretto del contratto. Testo 1: cap. XXXVII; Testo 2: capp. 35 e 36.
23Condizioni generali di contratto e clausole vessatorie negli artt. 1341-1342 c.c. e nella disciplina del codice del consumo. Rappresentanza, procura e mandato.Testo 1: capp. XXVI e XXXIX; Testo 2: capp. 32, 38 e 50.
24 Principio consensualistico ed effetto traslativo del consenso. Relatività degli effetti del contratto e contratto a favore di terzi. Risoluzione per inadempimento giudiziale e di diritto: diffida ad adempiere, clausola risolutiva e termine essenziale.Testo 1: capp. XXIV e XXXVIII; Testo 2: capp. 36, 37 e 39.
25Risoluzione per impossibilità sopravvenuta e rischio della controprestazione. Equivalenza delle prestazioni e rescissione del contratto, sopravvenienze contrattuali e risoluzione per eccessiva onerosità sopravvenuta.Testo 1: cap. XXXVIII; Testo 2: cap. 39.
26 La responsabilità extracontrattuale ex art. 2043 c.c.: requisiti, illiceità e antigiuridicità, cause di giustificazione. L’evoluzione dottrinale e giurisprudenziale in tema di nesso di causalità e ingiustizia del danno. La c.d. tutela “esterna” del creditoTesto 1: cap. LV; Testo 2: cap. 41.
27Classificazioni del danno: danno patrimoniale e non patrimoniale, danno biologico ed esistenziale. Testo 1: cap. LV; Testo 2: cap. 41.
28Apparenza contrattuale e simulazione.Testo 1: cap. XXXVI; Testo 2: cap.37.
29I principali contratti: profili generali e classificazioniTesto 1: cap. XL; Testo 2: cap. 46.
30Compravendita e donazioneTesto 1: cap. XLI; Testo 2: capp. 47 e 54.
31N.B.: Argomenti orientativamente oggetto di trattazione a lezione. Qualora l'insegnamento venisse impartito in modalità mista o a distanza potranno essere introdotte le necessarie variazioni rispetto a quanto dichiarato e riportato nel syllabus.